From totally the preciously metals, gold is the most popular as an investment. Investors generally buy gold for a hedge or safe haven versus whatever economic, political, social or currency-based crises. Some investment funds advisers tout gold as a way to diversify a portfolio and protect against inflation and a decline in the value of the dollar. These crises include investment market declines, burgeoning national debt, currency failure, inflation, war and social unrest. Investors also buy gold early in a bull market and sell it before a bear market begins, in an attempt to gain financially.
The brain-teaser for investors are that gold can be owned in different forms. Some are riskier than others. Liquidity varies, as do the costs associated with each form of the asset. Here's a look at just a few of the more popular ways to participate in today's gold rush.
All gold, when bought comes at a price and a premium over the spot price [market price], and this changes day by day. The smaller the bar or coin, the larger the premium. There is a specific cost to fabricating gold and that does not change very much. Of course the fabrication costs for buy gold coin is much higher than bars as they are struck to a much better finish. They are therefore much more expensive to purchase and not really ideal for a gold investor.
Gold bullion is either gold coins and bars of various types, sizes and weights. When buy gold bullion it is better to buy the largest size bars you can afford. The larger you to buy bullion are, the closer to the actual value of gold you are likely to get for your money, with a proportionately less margin to pay. There will always be some margin to pay but this can be reduced down to virtually 1 or 2 percent with the larger bars. Of course you do have a rising scale of storage and security to attend to so there is a balance to be drawn. Purchase gold bullion and prepare your future well and your self Scholarship from now.
PhD Position in Energy Technology with special emphasis on Electric Power Engineering at Luleå University of Technology
Last day of application: December 9, 2009
Electric power engineering at Luleå University of Technology, Skellefteå Campus, see link below, is a small but very successful group that is specialized among others in power quality and power-line communication. The group is among the leading groups worldwide in power quality and has initiated several new research directions within this area. Integration of windpower in the electric power system is one of those directions where the group is leading new initiatives both in Sweden and in the rest of the world.
We are looking for a PhD student for an industry-sponsored project on harmonics and windpower. The project is part of the VindForsk program, see link below. The aim of the project is to map the various harmonic issues related with increasing amounts of windpower connected to the power system. The project consists of a combination of measurements and simulations. The measurements will be performed in cooperation with Skellefteå Kraft; cooperation with over network operators, windpower producers and manufacturers is also part of the project.
The main work is to be conducted at Luleå University of Technology in Skellefteå.
Qualifications and bases of assessment
Degree of Master of Science in Engineering or Degree of Master of Science (One Year)/ Degree of Master of Science (Two Years) with a specialisation suitable for the research in Electric Power Engineering (e.g. Electronics, Energy Engineering, Engineering Physics or similar specialisations). Applicants having acquired chiefly equivalent qualifications in some other way will be considered eligible.
Information For further information, please contact Professor Math Bollen, 0240-79551, firstname.lastname@example.org
Application Application marked with the correct Reference no. together with CV, copies of degree certificates and other documents that the applicant wants to refer to, is to be sent to Luleå University of Technology, The Registry secretary, SE-971 87 Luleå or by e-mail to email@example.com
The Mamaself programme is from now on a 2 year Masters programme : Mamaself has been selected in the Erasmus Mundus 2 European programme. The new programme in two years will start in September 2010. The grants are now available for both European and Non-European students. applying must applicate before 21 May 2010.
European Master in Materials Science Exploiting Large Scale Facilities (Mamaself). The Mamaself programme has been selected in the Erasmus Mundus 2 European programme.
Mamaself is a 2 year Master course. Fellowships are now available for both Non-European and European students.
Master in Materials Science Exploiting Large Scale Facilities. Mamaself is a 2 year full time Master aiming to promote the scientific collaboration between Universities, Large scale facilities and Industry. This Master is the result of the collaboration between four Universities: University Rennes 1, (France), University of Torino, (Italy), Technical University and the Ludwig Maximilians University München (Germany). The Master degree will be delivered by two or three out of the four universities, so the students will receive a double Master degree in Materials Science. Each student will spend one year in a first hosting institution, the first semester of the second Master year at a second university and the last semester at a university or Large scale Faclities or at a partner institution in Japan, Switzerland or India.
Grants for Non-European students For each academic year the consortium of universities selects non-European students who will receive a grant. Each non-European student will receive a grant of 22.000 euros per year. Deadline is for 2010-2012 : 19 .01.2010. Non EU students who spent a year in Europe before applying must applicate before 21 May 2010.
Grants for European students In the framework of the Erasmus Mundus 2 programme, European students can apply for an EM fellowship of 12.000€. This grant amount includes the mobility grant for a period at one of the non EU partner institutions in Japan, Switzerland or India during the second semester of the second Master year. The application deadline is : 21 May 2010.
Admission Students must have 180 ECTS (or equivalent) in Material Science or related disciplines (Chemistry, Physics, Geoscience,…) good academic records and good English competencies. The application form is available on the Mamaself web site. Instruction language is English for lectures.
Further information about the study programme, the universities of the consortium, the admission process can be found on the Mamaself website http://mamaself.univ-rennes1.fr
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